Diseases & Treatment

What is Anemia?

What is anemia?

What is anemia?

Anemia describes the condition within which the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin within the blood is low.

For this reason, doctors generally describe somebody with anemia as having a low blood count.

An individual who has anemia is termed anemic.

The normal level of hemoglobin is mostly completely different in males and females.

  • For men, a traditional hemoglobin level is often outlined as a level of more than 13.5 gram/100ml,
  • And in ladies as hemoglobin of more than 12.0 gram/100ml.

Formation of blood

How will the body build blood?

Blood consists of 2 parts:

  1. A liquid referred to as plasma
  2. And a cellular half.

The cellular half contains many completely different cell sorts.

One in every of the foremost necessary and also the most various cell sorts are RED Blood Cells.

The other cell sorts ar white blood cells and platelets.

Only the red blood cells are mentioned during this article.

The aim of the red blood cell is to deliver oxygen from the lungs to alternative elements of the body.

Red blood cells

Red blood cells are made through a series of advanced and specific steps.

They’re created in bone marrow (inner a part of the femur and pelvic bones that build most of the cells within the blood), and once all the right steps in their maturation are complete, they’re free into the bloodstream.

The hemoglobin molecule is that the purposeful unit of the red blood cells and may be an advanced macromolecule structure that’s within the red blood cells.

Contrary to most cells within the material body, red blood cells don’t have a nucleus (metabolic center of a cell).

Red blood cells live for one hundred days, therefore the body is consistently making an attempt to exchange them. In adults, red blood cell production happens within the bone marrow.

Doctors attempt to confirm if an occasional red blood cell count is caused by increased blood loss of red blood cells or from decreased production of them within the bone marrow.

Knowing whether or not the amount of white blood cells and/or platelets has modified additionally helps confirm the reason behind anemia

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